In the year 1980, 28th National Film Awards were held by Directorate of Film Festivals, the organization which has been set up by Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, India.
Two juries, one for the feature films, and other for the short films moderated everything. The feature film jury was led by Vankudre Shantaram and B.D. Garga for the other one. The feature film jury consisted of 15 members:- V. Shantaram, K. B. Tilak, B. V. Dharap, Shobhna Samarth, R. N. Krishna Prasad, Ravichandran Nair, Arthur J. Pais, G. Venkateshwara Rao, Jayoo Patwardhan, T. S. Ranga, Kantilal Rathod, Mriganka Sekhar Ray, Sunil Gangopadhyay, N. Seshadri,Basant Chaudhury, and Purnendu Sekhar Pattrea.
The short film jury consisted of 3 members only:-B. D. Garga, Utpal K. Banerjee, and P. D. P. Rao.
Following a similar format, two types of awards were being given; which were for the feature films and for the non-feature films.
Late Sh. Mrinal Sen won Best Feature Film prize for the Bengali movie Akaler Shandhaney, produced by Dhiresh Kumar Chakroborty. Sen received a cash prize for INR 25,000/- and the producer received the double which is INR 50,000/-. Both of them received Rajat Kamal. For the same movie, Sen also received the award for the Best Direction and Screenplay award in cash in INR 20,000/- and 10,000/- respectively.
The Best Actor and Actress awards were earned by Balan K. Nair for Oppol and Smita Patil for Chakra along with a bonus of INR 10,000/- with the Rajat Kamal.
The technical aspects could never be overlooked as they help the director's imagination to work exactly the way he wants. In the era when the technology was expanding, the Best award for Cinematography was divided for the films which had only the primary colours black and white and for the fully coloured movies. For the black and white INR 5,000/- was won by Sivan for Yagam and Ashok Kumar received INR 10,000/- for Nenjathai Killathe.
The legend Satyajit Ray bagged the prize for the Best Music Direction for the film Hirak Rajar Deshe along with INR 10,000/-.
The ceremony served its purpose as every regional film stood as a contestant, and awards were given in the field of languages also. The languages were Assamese, Bengali, Hindi, Malayalam, Punjabi, Tamil, and Telugu.
In the Non-Feature Film class, every film earned INR 5,000/-
The movie’s name which came as a contestant in various categories and won 4 awards was Mrinal Sen’s Akaler Shandhaney. The legend is still alive in the year 2016 and is of magnificent 93 years old.
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