The National Films Awards are also known as the State Awards for films. These awards are presented by the Government of India, and specifically by the Ministry Of Information and Broadcasting. The 8th National Film awards were held to commemorate the achievements of various filmmakers during the year, 1960. The award function took place on 31 March 1961 at Vigya Bhavan, New Delhi. The awards were out by Dr Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, the then Vice-President of the country.
At this iteration, New category of awards was introduced such as; grants for educational films, Prime Minister’s Gold Medal. A certificate of merit was given out to the second and third best educational movies. The awards were divided into two categories; non-feature and feature films.
The National Film Award For The Best Feature Film, was during the earlier parts of the function known as the President's Gold Medal for the All India Best Feature Film. Unlike the non-non-feature films, feature films were awarded at both regional and national level. In 1961, the Hindi Movie Anuradha was the winner of President's Gold Medal for the All India Best Feature Film. Hrishikesh Mukherjee was the director of the movie.
Kshudhita Pashan, a Bengali feature film, won All India Certificate Of Merit, for being the second movie in the country. Hemen Ganguly is the producer of the moving picture, and Tapan Sinha is the director. All India Certificate Of Merit for the second runner-up went to, Deivpiravi, a Tamil movie. R. Krishnan and S. Panju are the directors of the film, and Kamal Brothers are the producers. Phool Aur Kaliyan won the Prime Minister's Gold Medal for the Best Children's Film.
Ram Gabale is the director, and it is produced by Rajkamal Kalamandir. Idd Mubarak came second in the children's category. Khwaja Ahmad Abbas is the director of the feature film. Children's Film Society was the producer. Delhi Ki Kahani came third in the children's category. Rajendra Kumar is the director of the movie. Regional awards were for the excellent movies being made in the various regional languages of the country. Awards for movies in Gujarati and Odia were introduced. It follows the same procedure as the National awards, but they are awarded for the best movie in the regional category.
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