National Film Awards are the most prestigious film awards ceremonies in India. They came into existence in the year 1954. The Indian Government thought to accolade and give rewards to the films made all over India on a national level. Their motive behind these awards was to promote the beginning of Indian cultural and traditional art by nurturing them till the end. The Indian Directorate of Film Festivals is supervising these awards annually since 1973 together with other film events like Indian Panorama and International Film Festivals of India.
The National Film Awards are believed to be the highest awards given for the best movies. The awards function is held in
New Delhi, and the President of India give the awards. The best part of the whole Indian Cinema holds the position of distinction. Also, the best films of each province and language of the country are also presented awards. The awards are divided into three categories: Feature, Non – Feature Films and Best Writing on Cinema. The first two sections motivate the production of those films which are elegant and excellent in the technical points and are of social importance.
These films appreciate and understand the cultures and traditions of various parts of the country. The last section takes cinema as a form of art and appreciates the way they distribute the information by the publication of several articles, newspapers, books, reviews and the case studies. The 14th National Film Awards are presented by Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, India to honour the Indian Cinema in every field. There are various rules for a film to be eligible for this competition. The films should be produced in India, and the director’s nationality should be an Indian.
Central Board of Film Certification should certify the film between 1 January and 31 December, and then the film will get an entry in the competition. Dadasaheb Phalke award, named after the father of Indian Cinema, is considered as the lifetime achievement award. This award is presented to that film personality who has taken the level of Indian Cinema to a great height by giving their exceptional contribution to its growth and development. The winners are awarded a cash price along with a Medallion and a certificate of merit.
Teesri Kasam is awarded as the best feature film with a Gold Medal, a cash price of Rs. 20,000 and a plaque. The best children’s film was Jaise Ko Taise which was given a Silver Medal, the cash price of Rs. 5,000 and a plaque. A Bengali film Nayak, by
Satyajit Ray, was awarded for the best screenplay and was given a cash price of Rs. 10,000. Two categories from Non-Features films section, six from Feature film section and Best Writing on Cinema section are made eligible for Golden Lotus Awards (Swarn Kamal) and the remaining categories for Silver Lotus Awards (Rajat Kamal).