The year 1954 was the year of the establishment of Indian
National Film Awards. On 10 October 1954, these were first brought into existence. They are considered as one of the biggest award ceremonies of India. The Indian Government’s Directorate of Film Festivals is managing these awards along with the Indian Panorama and the International Film Festival of India. The award function is organised in
New Delhi where the President of India gives the awards. These awards are arranged to honour the best in all categories of Indian Cinema and to the best of each region and language of the country and therefore, the National Film Awards are considered equivalent to the American Academy Awards.
The Directorate of Film Festivals appoints the juries in India who decides which film is suitable to consider for awards. There is no involvement of the Government and the Directorate in the selection of films. The categories of awards are Non-Feature Films, Feature Films, and Best Writing on Cinema. Their main aim is to encourage the making of films from technical and social points and appreciates the culture of each region and their different languages. The appreciation is carried out through the publication of various articles and books which motivate the Indian cinema and their art. The 19th National Film Awards were presented by the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting to honour the Indian Cinema of the year 1971.
There were four different committees organised in the film sectors of India like in Calcutta, Madras, and Bombay along with the central committee.
Prithviraj Kapoor got the Lifetime Achievement Award known as Dadasaheb Phalke award along with Rs. 11,000, a shawl and a plaque. The Best Feature Film was Seemabaddha, a Bengali film that was given a Gold Medal and Rs. 40,000. The film Do Boond Pani was awarded as the Best Feature Film on National Integration. For this, the producer got Rs. 30,000 and a medal and the director got Rs. 10,000 and a plaque.
M.G. Ramachandran was awarded as Best Actor for the Tamil film Rikshakaran and got a figurine. Waheeda Rahman was awarded as Best Actress for the Hindi film Reshma Aur Shera and awarded a figurine. Best Direction was of B.V. Karanth and
Girish Karnad in the Kannada film Vamsha Vriksha. They were given Rs. 5000 and a plaque. Hemanta Mukherjee was awarded as Best Male Playback Singer for a Bengali Film Nimantran and got a plaque. P. Susheela was awarded as Best Female Playback Singer for a Tamil Film Saveley Smali and got a plaque. Prem Dhavan was awarded for Best Lyrics for a Punjabi film Nanak Dhukhia Sab Sansar and was awarded Rs. 10000 and a certificate.