Abdul Rahim is a well known Urdu poet who lived during the era of Mughal Empire. He was born on 17 December 1556. He was a poet, astrologer, and Statesman during the rule of Mughal emperor Akbar. He was one of the nine gems (Navratna) in Akbar's court. His full name was Khanzada Mirza Khan Abdul Rahim. He had married to Man Banu Begum. The couple had two sons and a daughter. His father was Bairam Khan, who served as regent to Mughal Empire, guardian, and mentor of Akbar.
He was born in Lahore which is now a part of Pakistan. He is popularly known as Rahim. He was well known for his poetry and couplets. He served as Dewan in Akbar's court. He also served Jahangir, after his accession to the throne. He also served as Mir Ard in Akbar' court. As Mir Ard, his duty was to hear all the pleas and applications which were addressed to the Emperor. He was also a founder of the Akhand Bharat Movement.
He had also written several poems and Doha's. Apart from these he also translated autobiography of Babur "Baburnama" into the Persian language from Chagatai language. He completed it in 1590. He was a great astrologer and had a vivid grip on the Sanskrit language. On astrology, he wrote two books Khetakautukam and Dwatiumshadyogavali. He was of only four years of age when his father was killed. He was escorted by Akbar and he grew up under the guardianship of Akbar. He was given the Title Mirza by Akbar. He was also made the Commander of Five Thousand.
He was also appointed as a tutor of Prince Salim. When Jahangir accessed the throne he discharged Rahim from all his duties. Jahangir considered him as a threat because Rahim was against the accession of the throne by Jahangir. He was treated badly in the court. Emperor Jahangir supported by Raja Man Singh and Mirza Aziz declared Rahim's two sons a traitor and ordered to kill them at Khooni Darwaza. He died in 1627 in Agra.
He was buried in a mausoleum at Tomb of Abdul Rahim Khan-i-Khana, Delhi. This tomb was built by Rahim for his wife in 1598. This tomb is situated near Humayun Tomb and Dargah of Hazrat Nizamuddin Auliya in Delhi. Aga Khan Trust for Culture in collaboration with Inter Globe Foundation has undertaken the renovation work on Rahim's Tomb under its Nizamuddin Urban Renewal Initiative.