Suryakant Tripathi 'Nirala' was born on 21st of February in the year 1896. He was a novelist, story-writer, poet, and an essayist. He was well-known for his works in Hindi Literature. He was born in a Brahmin Family in Bengal.
He became popular for his poems. He has also participated in many Kavi Sammelans. His poetry work includes Dhwani, Apara, Ram Ki Shakti Puja, Saroj Smriti, and much more. He was a Bengali by birth. But, since his childhood, he was interested in Sanskrit. Suryakant Tripathi know many languages like Sanskrit, Hindi, Bengali, and English.
His birth name was Dinbandhu Nirala. His Pen name was Nirala. His father name was Pandit Ramsahaya Tripathi. His books include Prabhavati, Nirupama, Apsara, Parimal, Kukurmutta, and much more. His wife name was Manohara Devi. Suryakant’s life was full of tragedies and struggles accompanied with misfortunes. His father worked in a government sector. At a very young age, Suryakant lost his mother. Suryakant completed his studies in Bengali language.
He has learnt English and Sanskrit through self-study. He used to study both these languages at his home. After that, he moved to Lucknow. Later on, he shifted to the Gadhakola in Unnao- a place where his father was born. His childhood was not so good. So, during this time, he has worked as a proof reader, and also worked for many publishers. Along with this, he has edited “Samanvaya.” His inspirations were Rabindranath Tagore, Ramakrishna Paramhans, and Swami Vivekananda.
Suryakant got married at a very young age. After his marriage, Suryakant started writing poems in Hindi language. Earlier, he used to write poems in Bengali. But, after his marriage he has spent some good days with his wife. But, as usual, this happiness was also very short because his wife died when Suryakant was 20 years old. Suryakant also had a daughter who also died, later on. During this time also, he has to go through a lot of struggles especially the financial struggle. He was a modern poet who mainly wrote in Hindi language. He was a strong protestor of exploitation and social justice which could be clearly seen in his writings. Suryakant also suffered from schizophrenia.
After his death, an auditorium named “Nirala Prekshagrah” was named after him. Along with this, a park named “Nirala Uddyan,” and a college named “Mahapran Nirala Degree College” were named after him. All these Suryakant’s memorials are there in Unnao district. Suryakant died on 15th of October in the year 1961 in Allahabad, U.P. (Uttar Pradesh). He has spent most of his time at Dargaganj, Allahabad.